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Managing to Learn: Using the A3 management process
by John Shook
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Shingo Research and Professional Publication Award recipient

Managing to Learn by Toyota veteran John Shook, reveals the thinking underlying the vital A3 management process at the heart of lean management and lean leadership. Constructed as a dialogue between a manager and his boss, the book explains how “A3 thinking” helps managers and executives identify, frame, and then act on problems and challenges. Shook calls this approach, which is captured in the simple structure of an A3 report, “the key to Toyota’s entire system of developing talent and continually deepening its knowledge and capabilities.”

The A3 Report is a Toyota-pioneered practice of getting the problem, the analysis, the corrective actions, and the action plan down on a single sheet of large (A3) paper, often with the use of graphics. A3 paper is the international term for a large sheet of paper, roughly equivalent to the 11-by-17-inch U.S. sheet.

“The widespread adoption of the A3 process standardizes a methodology for innovating, planning, problem-solving, and building foundational structures for sharing a broader and deeper form of thinking that produces organizational learning deeply rooted in the work itself,” says Shook, who 10 years ago co-authored Learning to See, a groundbreaking LEI publication that teaches readers how to map value streams to identify and eliminate waste. Learning to See has sold more than 180,000 copies and been translated into 12 languages.

A unique layout puts the thoughts of a lean manager struggling to apply the A3 process to a key project on one side of the page and the probing questions of the boss who is coaching him through the process on the other side. As a result, readers learn how to write a powerful A3—while learning why the technique is at the core of lean management and lean leadership.

    “Readers will learn an underlying way of thinking that reframes all activities as learning activities at every
     level of the organization, whether it’s standardized work and kaizen at the individual level, system kaizen
     at the managerial level, or fundamental strategic decisions at the corporate level.”
        –Jim Womack, Founder and Senior Advisor of LEI

Who Benefits

Executives and managers at all levels in the organization will benefit from the book. An A3 can be used wherever there is a need for people to work together to get clarity on a problem or proposal and then to create a set of realistic and effective countermeasures. A3s can be prepared by individuals, teams, or any leader and his or her report.

Publisher:  Lean Enterprise Institute, Inc.
ISBN-13:  978-1-934109-20-5
SKU:  9205
Publication Date:  October 6, 2008
Number of Pages:  138
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John Y. Shook

John Shook is recognized as a true sensei who enthusiastically shares his knowledge and insights within the Lean Community and with those who have not yet made the lean leap.

Shook learned about lean management while working for Toyota for nearly 11 years in Japan and the U.S., helping it transfer production, engineering, and management systems from Japan to NUMMI and subsequently to other operations around the world. While at Toyota's headquarters, he became the company's first American kacho (manager) in Japan. In the U.S., Shook joined Toyota’s North American engineering, research and development center in Ann Arbor, MI, as general manager of administration and planning. His last position with Toyota was as senior American manager with the Toyota Supplier Support Center in Lexington, KY, assisting North American companies implement the Toyota Production System. As co-author of Learning to See John helped introduce the world to value-stream mapping. John also co-authored Kaizen Express, a bi-lingual manual of the essential concepts and tools of the Toyota Production System. In his latest book Managing to Learn, he describes the A3 management process at the heart of lean management and leadership.

Shook is an industrial anthropologist with a bachelor’s degree from the University of Tennessee, a master’s degree from the University of Hawaii, and is a graduate of the Japan-America Institute of Management Science. He is the former director of the University of Michigan, Japan Technological Management Program, and faculty of the university’s Department of Industrial and Operations Engineering.

He is the author of "Toyota’s Secret: The A3 Report"; Sloan Management Review, July 2010 and "How to Change a Culture: Lessons from NUMMI"; Sloan Management Review, January 2010, which won Sloan’s Richard Beckhard Memorial Prize for outstanding article in the field of organizational development.

Shook is a sought-after conference keynoter who has been interviewed on lean management by National Public Radio, Bloomberg News, The Wall Street Journal, Entrepreneur, and numerous trade publications.

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Recent Reviews

"This may be the first book that actually helps outsiders connect the dots and get a glimpse into how Toyota ticks." "As Shook shows, Toyota embeds the philosophy in day-to-day decision making and management tools such as the A3 so that staff have no choice but to learn it in a way they never forget."
From the Financial Times, (FT.com) By Alan Mitchell, Published: November 27, 2008

“This book is a nice blend of experience, practical how-to and provides a fair amount of ‘pulling back the curtain’ on Toyota’s management and problem solving methods and philosophy.”
From the Training Within Industry (TWI) blog

“I’ve used A3s in process improvement projects but I’ve never had the privilege of learning how to use an A3 from a master teacher—a sensei—and I suspect the same is true for most of you. This book, by Toyota veteran and Learning to See author John Shook, is as close as most of us will ever get to learning directly from the master.”
From Tom Southworth’s Lean Printing blog


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